Very unique artistic batik is produced on the island of Java. Java is located in Indonesia. Batiks are made by artisans who are considered to be skilled dye masters. The persons involved in this process are considered to be Dyers. They develop new and interesting looks and styles on different fabrics. The idea is to create something new and exciting as it applies to adding value that has not yet been referred to within the clothing and clothing industry.
When making batik it is most important to locate a batik that has not yet been presented in the world market. The foreword should be the aim of the skilled batik artisan—Don Michelle Ryan
The fabric is highly original or unique when making the most of batik. The fabric is sometimes hand-dyed. Many different craftsmen work on different parts of the fabric. The work, on the island, is done outside. It speculates that the type of weather on the island would affect the final result of the art performed. The process is by hand and is a very specialist and specialized procedure.
Consistency is a major objective as it applies to pattern and color. It is important that the variations in color are subtle. The foregoing means that the consumer, buying a bolt of cloth, will not buy any two bolts which are exactly alike. There are always slight variations when viewing art from bolt to bolt and from one color to another. The variations have something to do with the interplay of the processes at hand and what happens in relation to the climatic conditions on the island and nature. Variation is what makes batik a thing of beauty.
The word batik originated in Java and Indonesia. It describes the related process of making colored fabrics and patterns using fabric dyes and wax in a design making method. Multicolored batik allows for the creation of very complex patterns that look like paintings.
The process of batik is one that is highly traditional. The artisan uses wax and dyes to obtain colorful and intricate patterns. The art tradition is most prevalent on the Indonesian island of Java. This process has been handed down from generation to generation. This is the business of Indonesian village women. This process evolved from a hand-drawn technique known as batik tulis. The designs, in relation to this technique, are drawn by hand on the fabric. Subsequently, the batik cap process was employed. In this process, the designs are stamped on a machine. Special copper stamps are used. As stated earlier, the traditional process of batik tulis is still practiced in some communal areas; However, the process is not as common as it was years ago.
The lengthy process of making batik fabric length starts with the fabric. Usually this process involves using the finest batik the best quality fabric. The preceding refinement is known as the primisma quality. This is followed by Prima quality, Biru (blue) quality and then Mera (red) quality—which is the most rustic of the quality types.
Batik Tulis is the oldest form of batik production within Indonesia. The wax is either written or drawn on the length of the fabric. The clothes are washed first. Then it is kneaded and dried. A paste made of rice or cassava and oil is applied to the cloth to prevent the wax from penetrating the fabric fibers. Then the pattern making process is done in several stages.
The first stage is maincanting. The design phase uses wax designs. The designs are applied to the clothes. When designs are applied, a traditional tool called canning is used in the process. It is a tool consisting of a wooden handle and a small cup made of metal. The cup is filled with melted wax. The wax is heated and drips from the canting spout and onto the fabric. Wax or Malam—the Javanese translation, is traditionally wax. The waxed area of the fabric is protected with dye during the dyeing process.
The second stage of the process is called MeVern. This process involves dyeing the fabric. The fabric is dyed using natural dyes, which are produced from plants. The areas that are waxed are protected from dyes; and remain free from color.
The cloth is now dyed. While the wax is still on the fabric, it dries. The word for drying is mengering. It is soaked in a color fixing agent. (The word for this step is the character Mamti).
The cloth is washed (membsuh dan membillas) in water that is neither too cold nor too hot. The temperature of the water is important in order not to melt the wax.
The dye and wax process is repeated several times. This dyeing and color fixing, along with washing, is repeated until each color, according to the design, has been applied and the desired pattern is completed. Sometimes, during the dyeing process, the dyer accidentally breaks the wax. This is okay, because a special effect is achieved artistically. Influence Known As: Menyapu Lilin.
During the final step, the wax is scraped off by the artisan with a knife. The cloth is boiled (merebus) to remove the remaining wax.
In particular, designers may wish to learn a traditional process or work, in particular, with batik craftsmen on the island of Java. The people who make these beautiful batiks are actually some of the most important craftsmen in the world.