Ruby on Rails vs. PHP: Which One is Better? in 2022

Ruby on Rails vs. PHP: Which is Better?

First, let’s try to understand why you want to choose a particular technology. All technologies thrive on tools, developer communities, libraries, and applications. As a business owner, you may need technology that can work for years after starting a project.

As a developer, you need technology that you can maintain long enough to get a good return on your investment. Business owners or developers often make decisions with their peers and the developer community in mind, depending on the highly recommended technology.

In this post, we’ll take a quick look at the pros and cons of PHP and Ruby on Rails. We’ll see how PHP and Ruby on Rails can be compared with common issues like maintenance, performance, scalability, cost, and support.

Comparing PHP to Ruby on Rails is completely unfair. PHP is much more popular than Ruby on Rails because Ruby on Rails is a web development environment, not a programming language. Ruby is the language in which the Ruby on Rails framework runs on the back end, and PHP is the programming language used to code and build websites and web applications.

Ruby on Rails should be compared to Symfony2, Zend Framework, Codeigniter, Laravel, CakePHP and many other PHP-based web development frameworks. So, to understand why Ruby on Rails is so popular, it’s best to visualize human searches.

This trend graph from Google shows that all PHP web development frameworks still do not account for the number of searches performed for Ruby on Rails (highlighted in blue). In fact, the only web framework developing in the PHP world is Laravel. So why is Ruby on Rails so popular?

Well, a big part of building a web application is deciding which libraries you want to use, how to organize your web application, and many other factors. Today, many PHP projects still do not use a mature and proven web application development environment. Many PHP developers would prefer to create a new PHP framework instead of using the most popular frameworks like Zend Framework, Symfony2, etc.

Due to the complexity of the application, as with any framework, you will have to spend a lot of time learning how to use that particular framework. Thus, Ruby on Rails tries to make it easier to learn its structure by rejecting configuration by convention; In other words, you (a developer or business owner) have little time to decide when it comes to advertising, executing, or even hosting an application.

This may seem like a good idea, and for the most part it is, which is why Ruby on Rails is very popular. However, since then, many PHP web application development environments have recognized this and follow the steps of Ruby on Rails web development. This could be the reason why the growth of the Ruby on Rails community has stalled in recent years. Now, while other web development frameworks are shown in small percentages, you should still remember that PHP is completely web-centric. Thus, almost everything you write in PHP will work on the web, while in Ruby you don’t have many options for what code you can write to develop a web application.

1. Scalability and ease of maintenance

Whether it’s PHP or Ruby on Rails, both offer scalability. However, due to the amount of resources Ruby uses compared to PHP, scalability issues will arise much earlier in the lifecycle of your application. Scaling a Ruby on Rails application over PHP will solve very common problems. So the scale will depend on how the application was designed. There are also online services available to help solve scaling issues such as using Rackspace Cloud Sites or Amazon Elastic Beanstalk.

The situation becomes very different when you go from wanting to climb to needing to climb. When a developer is inexperienced in scaling an application, the most common way is to search for online articles, tutorials, and other resources to learn. So when we talk about scaling a website, there are many resources written and available for PHP developers, while Ruby on Rails has a much smaller development team.

As far as ease of maintenance is concerned, it depends entirely on the organization of the web application. As long as a web developer uses a web development framework, overall maintenance becomes much easier. PHP offers a huge selection of web development frameworks, each of which is tailored for a specific purpose, while Ruby has a limited selection (other than Ruby on Rails).

2. Speed ​​and performance

Since PHP is a programming language and Ruby on Rails is a web application development environment, you should take performance with a grain of salt. The goal of using a complete web development environment is to improve performance at the expense of speed. So let’s clear this up a bit.

Here is a table for a very simple hello world web application. Below you can see how fast PHP is when it comes to requests: remember, this is a language designed specifically for the web. However, once you start implementing popular frameworks for developing full-featured web applications, performance drops and requests per second approach Ruby on Rails.

In fact, the famous PHP Laravel web development framework starts to perform worse than Ruby on Rails. As a result, many tests are useless because the speed and performance of a web application is much greater than the language or web development environment. For example, network latency, database system, and caching mechanisms can increase the slowdown from 10x to 100x. So, how the design of the application is much more important than the programming language or the web development framework that underlies it.

3. Cost

Scarcity is a fundamental concept in economics. So, if you have 10 PHP web developers for every Ruby web developer, and the project function is language dependent, there will be a clear cost winner. PHP has lower prices due to strong competition. If your motive as a business owner is based on cost, this should be a very rewarding incentive. There is a saying, “You get what you pay for,” but that doesn’t mean you have to pay the same amount for the experience available. PHP has a very easy learning curve. In addition, many PHP developers are new to programming in general and web application programming in particular.

On the other hand, Ruby is a more difficult language to learn, so people who choose this language already know how to program. It is natural for a PHP developer to switch to Ruby on Rails and have experience translating PHP to Ruby around the world. In fact, many Ruby developers were PHP developers. So why are developers switching to Ruby on Rails? Well, this answer will be the same for almost any other programming language besides PHP.

In any language other than PHP, the language will restrict it in the code you can write, as well as in what is available for use. Thus, it is becoming a common method of creating web applications in this language. For example, C # has ASP.NET, Python has Django, Node.js has Express, Lua has Orbit, and the list goes on. So to put this in perspective, let’s say you’ve had the opportunity to interact with a massive audience or be among a select few professionals who share the same goals. It would make sense for the most recognizable applications to be built in languages ​​that have the largest audience, hence PHP is the target language. Applications such as WordPress, Drupal, Magento, Facebook are just a few of the many PHP applications available.

When it comes to hosting your Ruby on Rails applications, costs can go up very quickly. You will have a harder time finding hosting that supports your Ruby on Rails application, and big brands are not cheap. They start at $ 40 and quickly jump to $ 500 or more. There are even some companies that offer free housing, but they will charge high fees when they need to expand their housing needs. Almost all hosting companies offering Ruby on Rails hosting also provide PHP hosting. Some of the cheapest hosting providers offer old and outdated versions of Ruby (language), which limits you to previous versions of Ruby on Rails. They also run their Ruby on Rails app as CGI, which is the slowest way to run your web app.

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