Programming languages ​​and frameworks you should learn in 2022

The trend towards programming languages ​​and frameworks for 2016 appears to be more towards front-end development than back-end development. Below is just a simplified list of what you should take note of and think about improving your knowledge.

Languages ​​and platforms

PHP 7 is the latest version of PHP. Major websites like Facebook, Google and Apple use PHP. PHP 7 is also twice as fast as the previous version 5.6 – it will significantly improve CMS systems such as WordPress and Drupal.

JavaScript also has a new update called ES2015 (formerly ES5). Some incredible sites that use JavaScript are Lost Worlds Fairs and Cascade Brewery Co.

Python 3.5 was released in 2015 with some cool features like Asyncio. Almost all libraries are available for Python 3, so now is the time to update your legacy codebase.

Node.js has the world’s largest open source library ecosystem. Node.js is always a good choice to learn, and with its long-term support release, it provides additional stability for the future. LinkedIn and Walmart use some aspects of Node.js on their websites.

Swift 2 was released earlier this year and is growing rapidly (it’s the fastest growing programming language ever!). It is open source and has already been ported to Linux, which means it is now possible to build backends and server side software. It’s built by Apple (not Granny Smith Apple) and they have big plans for that, so it might be a good idea to take note of this as the popularity grows.

HTML5 is the last and certainly not the least. This is the one to watch out for! YouTube switched from Flash to HTML5 this year, and HTML5 is now the default for Adobe Animate exports. It is also one of the fastest growing job trends on Indeed.com, a testament to its popularity. HTML5 is probably one of the best languages ​​for long term learning over the next 3 years. Some sites that use HTML5 are Ford, Peugeot and Lacoste – they are really cool.

Frontend frameworks (CSS frameworks)

These complete frameworks offer features such as icons and other reusable navigation components, form sets, stylized typography, buttons, popups, alerts, and more.

Bootstrap became very popular in 2015, and this popularity will only grow in 2016 as it becomes the web development standard. Version 4 is coming soon and will be integrated with SASS. It is fairly easy to learn and has some useful extensions and examples as well.

Foundation is an alternative to Bootstrap. They launched version 6 in 2015, which focuses on modularity so that you can only include the parts you need to load faster, and it’s built with SASS as well.

Skeleton is an attractive (there is no other word to explain it) template for flexible, mobile-friendly development. Skeleton is a small collection of CSS files that will help you quickly and beautifully design websites that look great on any screen size.

Backend frameworks

Backend frameworks or application layers are the “brain” of a website. This is how a website works and its logic. You develop the “brain” whereas in Frontend you create the “face”.

There are many options depending on which language you prefer. Below is a list of several languages ​​with some of their frameworks:

PHP: Symfony, Zend, Laravel, Slim, Codeigniter and CakePHP
Node.js: Express, Hapi, Sails.js and Total.js
JavaScript: Angular.js, Vue.js, Polymer, React, and Ember.js.
Ruby: Rails and Sinatra
Java: Game, Spring and Spark
Python: Django and Flask

Frameworks can be very useful, but that doesn’t necessarily mean they’ll be useful to you. Ultimately, it is up to the developer to decide whether to use the framework. This will depend on several factors depending on what you want to achieve. Review each framework and see if it matches what you want to achieve before you start using it.

CMS (Content Management Systems)

This article would not be complete without mentioning two popular CMSs such as WordPress and Drupal. Both are written in PHP, and with the new PHP 7 it has become even faster.

WordPress has gone from a dry blogging CMS to a full-fledged CMS / Framework with plugins that go the extra mile. Thousands of developers make a living as WordPress developers creating premium themes or plugins. You can also use WordPress as a backend for the REST API.

Drupal 8 was released in 2015. It uses the Symfony 2 packages, Composer and the Twig templating engine. Drupal runs several websites: Johnson & Johnson, the BBC Store, and the World Economic Forum. Drupal is ideal for sites with a lot of content.

If you’re in doubt about what to spend your time learning in 2016, we’ve compiled a list of 5 frameworks that we think you should invest your time in:

  1. Bootstrap
  2. Angular.js
  3. Ruby on the rails
  4. HTML5
  5. Laravel

As a sixth recommendation, we recommend that you add Git to your list of things to learn in 2016. He is growing like crazy and his popularity will only grow. Companies like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and LinkedIn use Git.

This is just a rundown of the programming languages ​​and frameworks we think you should learn in 2016. Of course, there are hundreds of other languages ​​and frameworks out there, but I hope this was helpful to you.

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