Currently Java is more popular than other programming language. It is also a programming language that is widely used by developers to build desktop GUI applications, web applications, web services, and mobile applications. But developers still need robust frameworks, IDEs and development tools to write applications in Java rapidly and efficiently. Each developer also has the option to choose from several Java frameworks, IDEs and development tools as per their specific requirements.
Overview of 10 Widely Used Java Frameworks, IDEs and Development Tools
1) Spring MVC
Spring is one of the mature and popular Java web frameworks available in the market. In addition to supporting the Model-View-Controller (MVC) software development paradigm, Spring also simplifies common programming tasks such as database integration, creation and security of Web services. Programmers also have the option of using Spring Boot to create Java web applications that can work without complicated XML configuration. Spring Boot further comes with several production-ready features such as health checks, metrics, and external configuration. The latest version of the framework further comes with a command line tool that allows programmers to run Groovy scripts and prototype web applications using Spring.
2) JavaServer Faces Technology (JSF)
Oracle has developed JavaServer Faces Technology (JSF) as the official Java EE web framework. The framework developed through the Java Community Process helps programmers to rapidly build server-side user interfaces. It allows users to build websites faster by keeping the presentation layer separate from the application logic. Developers can use the JavaServer Faces UI component tag to add application logic and presentation layers to a project without writing any additional code. Community members also regularly provide new JavaServer Faces APIs to simplify the Java web application development process.
Vaadin makes it easy for programmers to write server-side components of single-page web applications in Java. Developers can also use Vaadin to develop web UIs with HTML. They can take advantage of the robust Vaadin Elements consisting of a variety of customized HTML elements for business applications. They can also use components such as charts, data grids, and combo boxes to extend the Google Polymer library. The tools provided by Vaadin Pro help developers to reduce coding time as well as make their web applications more interactive and mobile-friendly.
4) Google Web Toolkit (GWT)
Grails is a version of Ruby on Rails for the Java platform written in the Groovy programming language. Programmers can integrate Grails seamlessly with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). They also have the option of building and enhancing the framework by creating custom plug-ins or by using existing plug-ins. In addition, they can also take advantage of many advanced features provided by the framework, including NoSQL support, integrated ORM, asynchronous programming, and compile-time meta-programming. Users can also take advantage of domain-specific languages to effect query, validation, and markup rendering.
6) play framework
In addition to being an MVC web framework, Play is also designed with features to ease the development of web services. The framework supports several JVM-based programming languages, including Java and Scala. Features such as stateless services and asynchronous I/O make Play different from other Java web frameworks. Users can take advantage of the framework’s code refresh feature to check the impact of changes made to the code without having to rebuild or restart the entire project. Play further enables programmers to take advantage of a variety of plug-ins, testing tools, and IDEs while helping developers build scalable web applications.
As a modern and lightweight framework, DropWizard helps developers to build and deploy both Java web applications and web services. It further focuses on the glue between the various components to provide a unified development experience to the programmers. The latest version of DropWizard further takes advantage of the new features included in Java 8 to enhance application compatibility and security. This further allows programmers to monitor and evaluate the behavior of code in a production environment using the Metric library.
The open source IDE is written in Java, and is designed with features to simplify the development of a variety of Java applications. It supports major platforms like Windows, Linux and OS X. Users can easily customize Eclipse to their specific needs using a wide range of plug-ins and extensions. They can also take advantage of a set of useful features provided by Eclipse, including Windows Builder, XML Editors and Tools, Maven Integration, Git Team Provider, Mylyn Task List and Code Recommenders Developer Tools.
The open source IDE is written in Java, and enables developers to build desktop, web and mobile apps with Java. Besides being cross-platform, NetBeans also supports an array of programming languages other than Java. Users can build capability of various Java applications by taking advantage of the robust features provided by NetBeans including quick and smart code editing, GUI development tools, static analysis tools, debugger and profiler. Plus, NetBeans makes it easy for programmers to update their existing applications to Java 8.
10) j source
Despite being a lightweight IDE, JSource comes with features to facilitate cross-platform application development with Java. This too is fully developed with swing component. JSource is also designed with features that help programmers create, edit, compile, and run a variety of Java file capabilities. However, it supports syntax highlighting for many programming languages other than Java. Java programmers also have the option to integrate JSource with other widely used Java frameworks and development tools.
Overall, Java developers have the option to choose from a number of frameworks, IDEs and development tools. But not every tool can meet all the requirements of each project. Therefore, the developer should choose the right Java development tools according to the requirements of the individual projects. He may also consider combining these frameworks, IDEs, and development tools to enhance the functionality and performance of Java applications.